Battistero di san giovanni

Florence Baptistery

battistero di san giovanni

The Florence Baptistery, also known as the Baptistery of Saint John is a religious building in Florence, Italy, and has the status of a minor basilica. The octagonal baptistery stands in both the Piazza del Duomo and the Piazza San Giovanni, across from Florence Cathedral and the Campanile di Giotto. Florence Baptistery (Battistero di San Giovanni).

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The Baptistery is one of the oldest buildings in the city, constructed between and in the Florentine Romanesque style. Although the Florentine style did not spread across Italy as widely as the Pisan Romanesque or Lombard styles, its influence was decisive for the subsequent development of architecture, as it formed the basis from which Francesco Talenti , Leon Battista Alberti , Filippo Brunelleschi , and other master architects of their time created Renaissance architecture. In the case of the Florentine Romanesque, one can speak of "proto-renaissance", but at the same time an extreme survival of the late antique architectural tradition in Italy, as in the cases of the Basilica of San Salvatore, Spoleto , the Temple of Clitumnus , and the church of Sant'Alessandro in Lucca. The Baptistery is renowned for its three sets of artistically important bronze doors with relief sculptures. The south doors were created by Andrea Pisano and the north and east doors by Lorenzo Ghiberti. The Italian poet Dante Alighieri and many other notable Renaissance figures, including members of the Medici family , were baptized in this baptistery. It was long believed that the Baptistery was originally a Roman temple dedicated to Mars , the tutelary god of the old Florence.

The Baptistry was founded in , but it took more than two centuries to complete. The first stage of construction, up to the top of the first row of arches, was directed by the architect Diotisalvi. At the beginning of the 13th century Guidetto took over, and supervised the ornamentation of the doors and walls, up to the top of the circular aisle. After , Nicola Pisano worked on the outside wall, up to the level of the archlets in the external gallery, but it was Giovanni Pisano who added the pediments above. The construction adapted to to the proportions of the Cathedral, with which he preserved a perfect axiality: the largeness of the facade exactly corresponds to distance between its main portal and the west door. The Opera di San Giovanni was instituted for supervising the new building yard and at first the citizens were asked to contribute with a one denaro tax pe month, ensuring a good start out of the works. The first Operaio, Conetto, brought back from the squarries of the Isle of Elba and of Sardinia eight columns and four pilasters for the bearing structure of the building, erected "with great triumph" in

Battistero di San Giovanni, Florence

The Baptistry of San Giovanni , one of the most ancient churches in Florence, sits opposite the city's cathedral, the church of Santa Maria del Fiore., Everyone says it is all golden inside. The ceilings are golden, not the walls.

Battistero di San Giovanni

Raised on the foundations of a Roman building, it is a characteristic example of the Tuscan Romanesque style, dating according to some authorities from around the 11th century it was consecrated in ; others believe that it is an early Christian building later remodelled. Such a large building was required because vast crowds attended the administration of baptism, which in those days took place only twice a year. Its form is octagonal, and the exterior is sheathed in white marble and green Prato marble. The lower register has semi-pilasters, and the upper one polygonal columns supporting rounded arches. The third order, the roof and the lantern are typical of the 12th century; the west end is closed by a scarsella or altar recess, added in the 13th century. The powerful guild of Calimala Cloth-Merchants held the patronage of the Baptistery for centuries, and it was they who commissioned the magnificent gilded bronze doors, as well as many of the works of art inside. The earliest of the three doors is the one on the south side, modelled in and then cast by Andrea Pisano.




Piazza del Duomo - Battistero di San Giovanni, Esterno




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